Nutrition is about eating a healthy, balanced diet so your body can get the nutrients it needs. Nutrients are substances in food and our bodies need them to function and grow. They include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
No matter how old you are, good nutrition is important. It provides you with energy and can help you control your weight. It can also help prevent some diseases, such as osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers.
But as you grow older, your body and life will change, and the things you need to stay healthy will also change. For example, you may need fewer calories, but you still need to get enough nutrients. Some elderly people need more protein.
To stay healthy as you age,
You should eat foods that provide many nutrients without generating a lot of extra calories, such as fruits and vegetables (choose different types with bright colors) whole grains, such as oatmeal, whole grains bread and brown rice, Milk, and fat-free or low-fat cheese, or soy milk or rice with vitamin D and calcium
Seafood, lean meats, poultry, and eggs
Beans, nuts, and seeds
Avoid empty calories. These foods are high in calories but low in nutrients, such as potato chips, candy, baked goods, soda, and alcohol.
Choose foods low in cholesterol and fat. You especially want to avoid saturated fat and trans fat as much as possible. Saturated fats are usually animal fats. Trans fats are fats processed with margarine and shortening. You can find them in some stores and buy baked goods and fried foods in some fast-food restaurants.
Drink enough fluids to avoid dehydration. Some people lose the feeling of thirst as they get older. Certain medications can make drinking more water more important.
Physical activity. If you start to lose your appetite, exercise can help you feel hungry.