Eating disorder is a behavioral condition characterized by severe and persistent disturbances in eating behavior and related distressing thoughts and emotions. They can be very serious diseases that affect physical, mental, and social functions. The types of eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, avoidance of restrictive eating disorders, other specific eating and eating disorders, pica, and ruminant disorders. Eating disorders often coexist with other mental disorders, the most common of which are mood and anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and alcohol and drug abuse problems.
Overall, eating disorders affect up to 5% of the population and are most common in adolescence and adulthood. There are several, especially anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, which are more common in women, but they can occur at any age and affect any gender. Eating disorders are usually related to concerns about food, weight, or body shape or anxiety about eating, or the consequences of eating certain foods.
Causes of Eating Disorders:
Eating disorders are caused by the interaction of complex factors. These include genetic, biological, behavioral, psychological, and social factors.
Symptoms of Eating Disorders :
- Eating unusually large amounts of food in a specific amount of time, such as a 2-hour period.
- Eating even when you’re full or not hungry.
- Eating alone or in secret to avoid embarrassment.
- Feeling distressed, ashamed, or guilty about your eating.