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What is diabetes ? Symptoms and Causes

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce insulin or when the body is unable to use  insulin well. The food we eat flows from the blood to the cells of the body to produce energy. All  foods that contain carbohydrates are broken, down into glucose in the blood. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells.Here are some symptoms and causes of diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes :

The symptoms of diabetes depend on how much your blood sugar rises. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may be asymptomatic. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms usually appear quickly and become more severe.

Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are :

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but most often in childhood or adolescence. The more common type, type 2 diabetes, can develop at any age, but is more common in people over the age of 40.

Causes of Diabetes : 

Type- 1 Diabetes Cause : It is caused when the immune system, destroys the cells of the pancreas that make insulin. It causes diabetes by not giving the body  enough insulin to function normally.

It is known to be the cause of an autoimmune response or autoimmunity ,when the body attacks itself.

Type – 2 Diabetes Cause : Type 2 diabetes, causes are usually multifactorial – more than one diabetes cause is involved. Often, the most overwhelming factor is a family history of type 2 diabetes.

Trying to manage diabetes is hard because if you don’t, there are consequences you’ll have to deal with later in life.

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