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What are the Symptoms and Causes of PCOS..?

PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) is a hormonal condition that affects many women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have irregular or prolonged menstrual cycles, as well as high levels of the male hormone androgen. The ovaries may produce a large number of tiny collections of fluid (follicles). Sometimes fail to release eggs on a regular basis. The exact reason behind PCOS is unknown. Early identification and treatment besides weight loss could scale back. The chance of long-run complications like 2 diabetes and heart disease. Dietitian Nidhi Nigam talks about symptoms and causes of PCOS.


Signs and symptoms of PCOS usually develop around the time of the first menstrual period during puberty typically PCOS develops later, for instance, in response to substantial weight gain. Signs and symptoms of PCOS vary. A diagnosis of PCOS is made when you experience at least two of these signs:

  1. Irregular Period: Infrequent, irregular, or prolonged emission cycles square measure the foremost common sign of PCOS.  for instance, you may have fewer than 9 periods a year, over thirty-five days between periods, and abnormally heavy periods.
  2. Excess androgen : Elevated levels of male hormones could end in physical signs. Like excess facial and hair (hirsutism), and occasionally severe acne and male-pattern baldness.
  3. Polycystic ovaries : Your ovaries could be enlarged and contain follicles that surround the eggs. As a result, the ovaries may fail to function regularly.

When to see a doctor?

See your doctor if you have got considerations concerning your menstrual periods, if you’re experiencing infertility or if you have got signs of excess steroid hormone-like worsening hairiness, disease of the skin, and male-pattern baldness.


The exact reason behind PCOS isn’t known. Factors that might play a role include :

  1. Excess insulin : Insulin is the hormone produced in the pancreas that permits cells to use sugar, your body’s primary energy offer. If your cells become immune to the action of insulin then your blood glucose levels will rise and your body may produce a lot of insulin.Excess insulin may increase androgenic hormone production, inflicting problem with organic process.
  2. Low-grade inflammation : This term is employed to explain white blood cells’ production of substances to fight infection.  Dietitian Nidhi Nigam said that women with PCOS have a sort of inferior inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to provide androgens, which may result in heart and vessel issues.
  3. Heredity : Dietitian Nidhi Nigam suggests that that certain genes might be linked to PCOS.
  4. Excess androgen : The ovaries turn out abnormally high levels of androgenic hormone, leading to hirsuteness and and acne.

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